Hostile Actors and Insider Threats: As digital footprints have grown, the upcoming generation being the first with no real gaps in their cradle to grave online presence, our attack surface has expanded. As old border mechanisms have become less relevant in the connected world, it has never been easier to reach a target or disseminate information. Social norms have shifted to and continue to do so with acceptable and unacceptable behavior or activity perhaps harder to narrowly define than during previous decades. From the impact of the Cambridge Analytica scandal on the restriction of access to information by platforms to the increasing use of covert online identities in espionage, security risk is evolving at an unprecedented rate. PAEI is at the heart of it. Fingerprints can be retrieved from digital photographs. insurrection can be planned on message boards, populations can be subjected to influence operations through open social media, spies can be tracked through jogging apps… Hostile actors can deploy cyber attacks through social engineering on a scale never previously thought achievable. A central challenge for governments and corporations arises from the natural conflict between what someone acting within the confines of law and expected standards can do to protect their interests versus what can be done by an unconstrained adversary or an uncontrolled insider threat operating in the grey zone. Helping you understand threats and helping you mitigate risks is not just a cybersecurity issue and we are here to assist.